PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION by PUBLICADMINISTRATIONTHEONE is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
Based on a work at http://publicadministrationtheone.blogspot.in/.
Tuesday, November 17, 2015
Saturday, October 24, 2015
Iqbal is one of several women who decided to defy their traditional role as water and garbage collectors and became involved as community leaders in an ADB-supported urban development project covering four large cities (Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore, and Jabalpurin) in Madhya Pradesh, one of the country’s poorest states.
- We developed guides for mainstreaming gender in the project, including an overall gender mainstreaming strategy that was drafted in collaboration with the Water for Asian Cities Program of UN Habitat, a gender action plan to ensure responsiveness to women’s needs, and a gender field manual that spells out how to integrate gender in the Municipal Action Plan for Poverty Reduction.
- Community mobilization focused on women with assistance from NGOs, and community group committees—73% of whose members are women—were trained in pro-poor governance and collecting baseline information for planning and preparation of project reports.
- The project converged with other slum improvement platforms such as the Madhya Pradesh Urban Services for the Poor Program by giving priority to the slum areas it covered.
- We secured a commitment from the municipal government to implement the gender action plan by mainstreaming gender across project initiatives and providing community organizers and sociologists with gender expertise.
“Initially we faced a lot resistance from men, who told us to better stay at home,” recalled Nai Basti-Ranjhi, another community leader. “But we were determined because we were the ones facing the hardships in that we had to leave our small children every day without care and hence risk their lives to collect water.”
The efforts of the women—and collaborating men—paid off. Since women were the ones that really knew what the community needed and which solutions would work, project implementers were able to incorporate their feedback into the design, and soon water, sanitation practices and environmental conditions, as well as in hygiene practices at the household and community levels, all improved.
Better access to reliable and quality water services has significantly reduced the workloads of women, who now have more time to attend to other tasks. Safety and health risks stemming from practices such as bathing, washing clothes and defecating far away from home have also been reduced, if not eliminated.
Likewise, participation in the project transformed the role of women from just beneficiaries to becoming true agents of change to help increased understanding of gender issues in water and sanitation, and strengthened institutional capacity in ensuring that men and women could benefit equally from water and sanitation investments.
Saturday, September 26, 2015
Thursday, August 20, 2015
Public Policy: Perspectives and Choices, 5th editionCharles L. Cochran and Eloise F. Malone
Click here to read this book's introduction.
The authors combine a clear explanation of the basic concepts and methods of the policymaking process with a keen focus on how values influence policy choices. They then apply this foundation to a range of policy areas.
The fully updated text:
• Presents complicated ideas in an accessible way
• Engages with controversies, bringing the study of public policy alive
• Draws on a wealth of “real world” examples
• Provides balanced consideration of liberal and conservative policy positions
• Emphasizes the relationship between individual and national interests
The result is an ideal combination of theory and practice for effectively teaching public policy.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
- Why Study Public Policy.
- Tools for Policy Analysis.
- Polarized Politics: The Policy Context.
- Political Economy: The Basis of Public Policy.
- Funding Public Policy: From Theory to Practice.
- The Politics and Economics of Inequality.
- Education: A Troubled Federal-State Relationship.
- Criminal Justice: Responding to Evolving Concerns.
- Health Care: Diagnosing a Chronic Problem.
- Housing: Public Policy and the "American Dream."
- The Environment: Issues on a Global Scale.
- Rethinking National Security Policy.
Wednesday, July 22, 2015
- Mahendra Subhash Khairnar,
Asstt. Professor, Bharati Vidyapeeth’s Yashwantrao Chavan Law College, Karad
Article Courtesy: http://www.lawyersclubindia.com/articles/Public-Administration-in-India-as-a-mechanism-for-social-change-5309.asp#.Va6gmPmqqko
Thursday, June 18, 2015
IMPACT EVALUATIONS CRUCIAL FOR EFFECTIVE PUBLIC POLICY:
Sunday, March 22, 2015
Earlier Disaster Management was viewed as a short term relief endeavour that lasted till some time after a disaster,but now it has become both pre & post Disaster citing the benefits & lesser losses caused by preventing a disaster or mitigating it through proper policy. That saved expenditure can be then further used for development programmes & policies for the country.
STAGES IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT:
1) Before the Disaster: To reduce the potential for human,material or environmental losses caused by hazards & to ensure that these losses are minimised when the disaster strikes.
2) During the Disaster: To ensure that the needs & provisions of victims are met to alleviate & minimise suffering.
3) After the disaster: To achieve rapid & durable recovery which does not reproduce the original vulnerable conditions.
THE DISASTER CYCLE:
1) The Disaster Event/Impact: The real time event of a hazard occurring and affecting the elements at risk.
2) Disaster Response: This entails restoring physical facilities rehabilitation of affected population, restoration of lost livelihoods & reconstruction efforts to restore the infrastructure lost or damaged. One can gauge flaws in the efforts pertaining to policy and planning with respect to location and type of infrastructure and social schemes to improve the social positioning of underprivileged.
Disaster losses can be mitigated to a large extent by effective response on the part of govt. & civil society.
3) Disaster Recovery: Recovery phase involves implementation of actions to promote sustainable redevelopment including reconstruction & rehabilitation following a disaster. It is a long term measure.
4) Development: Once the above is done then the development works begins once again, by development it is meant sustainable development.
RESPONSE MECHANISM IN INDIA:
1) Central Response ( Prime Minister, Cabinet Committees, Home Affairs & Agriculture Minister)
2) Administrative Response ( Operational requirements & provision of Central assistance as per existing policy)
3) Energising the local govt. to strengthen administrative preparedness for disaster response.
Sunday, March 1, 2015
TYPES OF DISASTER/CRISIS
Ministry of Civil Aviation
Ministry of Home Affairs
Major breakdown of any of the Essential Services posing widespread problem
Ministry Of Environment
Ministry of Health
Nuclear Accident inside/outside the country which poses health or other hazards to people of India.
Department of Atomic Energy
But there are still many that are missing like heat waves & migrant issues. Also it is being increasingly realized that many natural disasters are also due to man made causes, reason being policy disasters rather than as a result of nature's vagaries or designs of fate.
Experience of floods in India has proven that more deaths are caused due to epidemic outbreaks following vector proliferation in accumulated waters rather than the flood itself which proves the system failure.
The lack of timely decision making & action after droughts by the govt. leads to multiple deaths of farmers.
Earthquakes are majorly increased in today's times due to abuse of natural resources by man alongwith bad policy decisions.
Disasters also lead to major economic damage and diversion of financial resources to non plan expenditures instead of plan development expenditures.
INDIA'S KEY VULNERABILITIES:
1) Coastal states particularly on the East Coast & Gujarat are vulnerable to cyclones.
2) 4 crore hectare landmass is vulnerable to floods.
3) 68% of net sown area is prone to droughts.
4) 55% of total area is in seismic zones III - V, hence prone to earthquakes.
5) Sub-Himalayan sector & Western Ghats are prone to landslides.
MAN MADE DISASTERS:
1) Road/Traffic accidents
2) Nuclear, Chemical & Biological threats
3) International terrorism
4) Communal riots
6) Food insecurity, poverty, worsening health care,dirty water & sanitation, uncontrolled urbanisation & common disease.
7) Civil war & International wars
These are just a few to name, the list goes on. The few actions taken are that now Disaster Management has become a part of plan commitments thus getting it more priority and more resource allocations. Retrofitting & Earthquake resistant structures et al are being undertaken too.
The agenda now according to the 10th Plan for disaster management is development of capacity at local levels through effective decentralisation, improvement in law and order administration, through modernisation & training, urban development with a perspective of disaster mitigation planning involving all stakeholders.
All this calls for a thorough vulnerability( threat) profiling of India to remedy the above.
Following steps are imperative for the vulnerability assessment and preparedness in high risk zones:
1) Identification of various hazard prone areas. Preparation of detailed vulnerability profiles, mapping food insecurity, aviation hazard, landslide hazard, etc.
2) Vulnerability & Risk assessment of buildings.
3) Developing disaster damage scenarios.
4) Developing technical guidelines for hazard resistant construction.
5) Upgrading of hazard resistance of existing housing stock by retrofitting.