Thursday, September 27, 2012

Significant issues in Indian Administration: Values in public service; Regulatory Commissions; National Human Rights Commission; Problems of administration in coalition regimes; Citizen-administration interface; Corruption and administration; Disaster management.


To all the enquiries from readers regarding the continuity and future course of action of this blog, the good news is that this blog will now move on to covering higher,wider and deeper aspects of public administration as a discipline and practice that will broaden the learning horizon majorly. So, remain tuned in as this blog will be updated continuously.

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Today we will be discussing the Significant Issues in Administration.


VALUES IN PUBLIC SERVICE:

Values flow from the individual's inner self of knowing what is right and wrong and doing that with integrity. Whereas ethics is about imposing from outside by an organisation as to what is right to do and wrong on its employees conduct.

Therefore in the recent times, one has seen an erosion of values and ethics in public service personnel due to a number of reasons like corruption, nepotism, bureaucratization,non transparency,etc.

Ethics can be handled by the organisations, however, unless it is backed by values in an individual, it will be incomplete in its totality. That is why values are extremely important. For details on the same there are extremely good and informative links regarding the above, posted below.

Do refer to this draft public service bill of the GOI,which is yet to be passed - http://persmin.nic.in/DOPT/EmployeesCorner/Acts_Rules/DraftPublicServiceBill/PublicServiceBill_2007.pdf

AND

http://persmin.gov.in/otraining/UNDPProject/undp_modules/valuedinadmin/Read%20hyperlinked%20pdf%20file/Values%20in%20Administration.pdf

http://www.preservearticles.com/2011100514767/free-sample-essay-on-the-values-in-public-services-india.html

http://drsatyapalsingh.blogspot.in/2009/08/three-core-values-for-public-service.html





REGULATORY COMMISSIONS :
As part of the process of de-bureaucratization and de-concentration
of authority, the process of entrusting decision making responsibility of
Government to Regulatory Commissions is in evidence.
It is quite likely that such Commissions shall be set up in many more areas of governance.
For the recruitment of civil servants we already have the Public Service
Commissions. In addition, we now have the Insurance Regulatory
Authority, the Telecom Regulatory Authority and the Power Regulatory
Authorities at the Centre and in the States. It is quite likely that by 2020
the process of decision making and enforcement of such decisions in many
more sectors will be in the hands of Regulatory Commissions over which
the government will have little control. Whether this would be for the
better or it will have adverse implications for governance will depend on
how these Commissions function and are allowed to behave.


NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION:
The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) is an autonomous statutory body established in 1993 according to the provisions of the Protection of Human Rights Act. The Commission is composed of a chairperson and six members. The chairperson has to have been a chief justice of the Supreme Court.

The purpose of the NHRC is, suo moto or through the petition of a person, to investigate the violation of human rights or the failures of the state or other to prevent a human rights violation. The Commission can visit state institutions where people are detained such as jails to examine the conditions of the institutions and make sure they are in compliance with human rights provisions. They can also examine any law or constitutional provisions to ensure that the safeguards of the law protect human rights. They are to advise the state on measures to prevent terrorism and related violations as well as on how to effectively implement provisions of human rights treaties. The commissions may also take on research about human rights, create awareness campaigns through various mediums, and encourage the work of NGOs.

Petitions can be made directly to the commission in the case of any human rights violation. However in 2002 there was a great deal of controversy surrounding the commission's rejection of the petition made by R. K. Sharma's family in the Shivani Batnagar Murder case. R.K. Sharma was the main person accused in the case and had absconded. The Commission denied the plea on the basis that the family petition also included the protection of the accused. The criticism is that the commission granting of protection would have been only to promote the human rights of the family and accused which are the same an every human being, not to protect him against the law or prosecution. It is also to be noted that Commission often takes years to respond to a single case by which time the case is irrelevant or has been dropped and often poor people who petition the commission have to spend large amounts on lawyers to get they case heard.

Visit its official website - http://nhrc.nic.in/
Wikipedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Human_Rights_Commission_of_India
 NHRC recently in the news - http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-09-25/patna/34081799_1_human-trafficker-nhrc-national-human-rights-commission




PROBLEMS OF ADMINISTRATION IN COALITION REGIMES:
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which several parties cooper­ate. The usual reason given for this arrangement is that no party on its own can achieve a majority in the parliament. The UPA 2 party in the Parliament of India which is in power is a coalition government and consists of a number of parties working together to maintain majority in the parliament.


Do go through these detailed research articles on problems of administration in coalition regimes - http://www.ssmrae.com/admin/images/7dc4b27aaee9e21c05dd9316b7bebdac.pdf AND http://debatepedia.idebate.org/en/index.php/Debate:_Coalition_government

A case study on Ireland's Politico - Administrative Relations Under Coalition Government - http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/nispacee/unpan003676.pdf





CITIZEN ADMINISTRATION INTERFACE:
Citizen - administration interface are all those points where the public and administration connect or meet. It can be citizens charters, surveys conducted by the administration, petitions to the public organisations,connecting online with administration,voting,etc.

The main idea is to provide best experience of citizen administration interfaces which unfortunately at the present moment lack transparency, however, they are on the road to reform.

Refer to these informative articles for the same :
http://gkbasic.com/trends-in-citizen-administration-interaction/
http://www.preservearticles.com/2011100514716/essay-on-the-benefits-of-citizen-administration-interface.html
http://www.ideasforgov.org/admin/Citizen_interface.pdf
http://darpg.nic.in/darpgwebsite_cms/Document/file/Framework_of_Citizens_Charter_-IIPA.pdf
http://gkbasic.com/factors-important-in-citizen-administrative-interface/

AND

IGNOU NOTES ON THE SAME TOPIC - http://www.egyankosh.ac.in/bitstream/123456789/1093/1/UNIT-07.pdf




CORRUPTION AND ADMINISTRATION:
Corruption has always been a menace in administration and there have been many factors to blame for it like non-transparency,political interference,erosion of values and ethics in public services,etc.
One must be quite aware that political and administrative corruption has gone to an all time high right now with a number of humongous scams coming up recurrently. corruption erodes the institutional capacity of government as procedures are disregarded, resources are siphoned off, and public offices are bought and sold. At the same time, corruption undermines the legitimacy of government and such democratic values as trust and tolerance. Corruption cuts at the very root of socio-economic and political progress of a country and democratic ideals. Therefore, this needs to be curbed immediately with stringent action.

Refer - http://www.preservearticles.com/2011100514701/essay-on-the-impact-of-corruption-on-administration-india.html

AND http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_corruption



DISASTER MANAGEMENT:
Disaster management can be defined as the organization and management of resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies, in particular preparedness, response and recovery in order to lessen the impact of disasters.


Disasters can be Natural,Man made,breakdown of law and order,spread of epidemics,etc.

Every country should be prepared for a disaster. These disaster preparedness activities are designed to minimise loss of life and damage – for example by removing people and property from a threatened location and by facilitating timely and effective rescue, relief and rehabilitation. Preparedness is the main way of reducing the impact of disasters. Community-based preparedness and management should be a high priority in physical therapy practice management.

Disaster  relief - This is a coordinated multi-agency response to reduce the impact of a disaster and its long-term results. Relief activities include rescue, relocation, providing food and water, preventing disease and disability, repairing vital services such as telecommunications and transport, providing temporary shelter and emergency health care.

Once emergency needs have been met and the initial crisis is over, the people affected and the communities that support them are still vulnerable. Recovery activities include rebuilding infrastructure, health care and rehabilitation. These should blend with development activities, such as building human resources for health and developing policies and practices to avoid similar situations in future.
Disaster management is linked with sustainable development, particularly in relation to vulnerable people such as those with disabilities, elderly people, children and other marginalised groups.
Myths and Realities of Disaster Assistance summarises some of the common misunderstandings about disaster management.

Voluntary agencies and associations, NGOs and Non Profit Organisations play a huge role in Disaster Mangement.

National Disaster Management Authority Of India -  It is the Apex Body for Disaster Management in India. The setting up of the NDMA and the creation of an enabling environment for institutional mechanisms at the State and District levels is mandated by the Disaster Management Act, 2005. Website http://ndma.gov.in/ndma/index.htm

Disaster Management In India - http://www.unisdr.org/2005/mdgs-drr/national-reports/India-report.pdf

National Institute of Disaster Management - The National Institute of Disaster Management constituted under the Disaster Management Act 2005 has been entrusted with the nodal national responsibility for human resource development, capacity building, training, research, documentation and policy advocacy in the field of disaster management. Upgraded from the National Centre for Disaster Management of the Indian Institute of Public Administration on 16th October, 2003, NIDM is steadily marching forward to fulfill its mission to make a disaster resilient India by developing and promoting a culture of prevention and preparedness at all levels.


Disaster Management in the news recently - http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2012-09-26/news/34102059_1_floods-disaster-management-food-packets

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